Kids Corner


From The Gurdwara To The Street:
How Sikh Kitchens Are Becoming The New Food Banks





Last April, two Sikh organisations in New Delhi and Amritsar sent food relief to victims in post-earthquake Nepal. Apart from contributing 25,000 food packets a day each, they sent out teams of cooks and volunteers to set up community kitchens. These served hot meals to over 10,000 people a day.

Meanwhile, in the UK, the homeless are turning to Sikh community kitchens for hot meals as demand for food banks rises.

By taking the traditional concept of the “langar”, or shared meal, out of the gurdwara and onto the street, these community kitchens have extended the idea of service. Meals are offered free, and everything from the buying of the food, to the preparation of the meals, is based on donations.


The importance of selfless service or “seva” has been emphasised in the lives and teachings of the Sikh Gurus. According to Guru Nanak, the founder of the Sikh religion, sharing one’s time and wealth with those in need is the best possible action. The idea of “langar” as a community kitchen was developed by Guru Nanak in his settlement at Kartarpur, now in Pakistan.

His Sikhs -- hailing from all faiths -- would farm the land before preparing food and sharing the meal. Langar – which refers to the community kitchen as well as the food served – was developed as a practical manifestation of the teachings where Sikhs were encouraged to work hard and share the fruits of their labour.

Sharing a langar – which includes cooking, serving, eating and cleaning up – emphasised the idea of equality beyond any categorisations such as caste, gender, social status, ethnicity, or religion.


The introduction of “langar” into the Oxford English Dictionary in 2008 highlighted that this key tenet of the Sikh tradition had entered mainstream vocabulary. Those who experience langar in gurdwaras for the first time are often amazed at the scale of what is essentially a volunteer effort.

Gurdwaras are playing an important role as food banks, with an estimated 5,000 meals served to non-Sikhs each week by Britain’s 250 gurdwaras. In addition, Sikhs in the diaspora are increasingly making efforts to take langar out of the gurdwara so that it fulfils its core objective of serving the whole community.

In Canada, the Seva Food Bank serves food to low-income families. In Los Angeles, the Khalsa Food Pantry and Khalsa Peace Corps provide meals to the destitute, while the Sikhcess project provides food and clothing to the homeless in a number of local communities across the US.

Sikh-Britons have established food relief organisations in cities across the UK. The Midland Langar Seva Society in Birmingham, the Kirpa Food Bank in Wolverhampton, Guru Nanak’s Free Kitchen based in Doncaster and Edinburgh, the Bedford Langar project, the Sikh Welfare and Awareness Team based in London and Nishkam Help based in Birmingham and Leeds are some examples.

In addition to contributing to the communities they live in, Sikh charities such as United Sikhs also contribute to humanitarian efforts in different parts of the world as needed.

Khalsa Aid, a UK based Sikh charity, which has provided disaster relief in Albania, Turkey, Somalia and Pakistan, made the headlines in 2014 when Sikh-Britons helped the Thames Valley and Somerset flood victims by delivering sand bags, food and medical supplies to those affected.


The vision behind much of this food relief lies in the spirit of selfless service. The offering of food to all as a central tenet of the Sikh tradition has meant that Sikhs are often the go-to community for food relief. Indeed, given their non-proselytising nature, Sikhs are able to use langar as a practical demonstration of the values promoted by the Sikh Gurus rather than simply talking about their beliefs. Or using ‘charity’ as a bargaining tool or lure for proselytising.

In my research on the religious lives of young Sikh-Britons, I found that many wished to put the teachings of the Gurus into practice. Setting up langar-based organisations across the world and re-emphasising langar as a kitchen by the community, for the community, is a return to the teachings where the “community kitchen” exists to serve all.

For these Sikhs in the diaspora, rather than simply referring to members of a particular ethno-religious group, “community” refers to anyone they engage with at a local, national or even international level. This view extends the idea of langar to the whole world, and allows them to put into practice the ideal of “Sarbat da Bhalla” ... 'for the betterment of all'.

[Courtesy: The Conversation. Edited for]

August 18, 2015

Conversation about this article

1: R Singh (Surrey, British Columbia, Canada), August 18, 2015, 11:14 AM.

I was at the Gurdwara in Surrey and I saw a homeless man who after having had langar, before he left, bowed his head to Guru Granth since he was seeing others doing so. What the Sikh community could not do through practice (respect for Sikhi), the Langar has achieved.

2: Ajit Singh Batra (Pennsville, New Jersey, USA), August 18, 2015, 7:07 PM.

The Sikh belief to serve humanity is expressed in gurdwaras through Ardaas and Langar. There is so much of suffering, disease and poverty in this imperfect world that truly religious minded persons cannot but perform righteous actions. The strength to serve humanity comes to a Sikh from his/her love and devotion to Waheguru. Any inspiration for social or political work is always spiritual.

3: Jasbeer Singh (New Delhi, India), August 19, 2015, 4:38 AM.

Excellent. We should do it throughout the whole world, wherever there is a need. For the past few centuries, we've been doing it on this subcontinent ... even in the face of ingratitude and betrayal in India.

4: Bhai Harbans Lal (Dallas, Texas, USA), August 19, 2015, 11:14 AM.

Langar is a Sikh value system, the fragrance of which has potential of spreading among others far and wide. People will recognize Sikhs for thus uniquely contributing to civil society. As Sheikh Sa'adi said, “Mush anast keh khud baboyad na keh attar baboyad". The fragrance is capable of selling itself and also the source that emits fragrance. Because it has inherent allure. It thus requires no trader, sales force or media to introduce it. It is a saccha sauda -- a true bargain -- for the Sikhs. I am pleased that langar is extending to outside public places where others can be reached and served.

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How Sikh Kitchens Are Becoming The New Food Banks"

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