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Below: Sant Bhindrawale with Singh Sahib Harbhajan Singh Yogi.

1984

The Re-Assassination of Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale

by GURTEG SINGH

 
 

The assassination of Sant Jarnail Singh Bhinderanwale by the Congress (I) was planned well and much in advance to the event in June 1984.

In an article written in December 1982 and published in April 1983, this author had predicted that  the Sant would be killed. The assassination and the decimation that followed, was sold to the rest of India as the most effective tool of chastising a turbulent nation that continued to insist that it had certain rights under the constitution of 1950 and would not tolerate their curtailment.

Every other party and individual acquiesced to the plan. Indira Gandhi was able to rope in almost all individuals who mattered in the body-politic of India. It was a perfect chakravyuh - with the highest in the land playing their part.

Not all of them though - Chandra Shekhar, Subramaniyam Swami and Acharya Rajneesh were the only ones who had the tremendous courage to disagree. Of course, they could not stop the juggernaut of rapidly unfolding events and failed to prevent many a tragedy.

Since the June 1984 event, the Sant has been re-assassinated several times in an attempt to cast a veil over the dark designs of the rulers. That has not helped the cover-up, however. The truth continues to exist in such a sublimely luminous state that constant denials and persistent obfuscations become necessary every now and then. A mind-boggling variety of tricks and canards have been churned out by the official propaganda mill to ensure that the truth is rendered unrecognisable.

This year's trick is very ingenious and is being stated officially for the first time:

An official volume of the history of the Congress is being thrown up for the media and the public to lap up as uncritically as it has been accepting the official propaganda on the subject, so far. There are however, valid reasons and known facts that militate against the proposed theory and need to be brought to the attention of the public so that it can make up its mind without succumbing to the canard sought to be popularised.

The print media (Indian Express, May 8, 2011) has carried the story about the fifth volume of the history of the Congress Party that is scheduled to be shortly released - just in time to influence the June anniversary discussions about the attack on the Darbar Sahib in 1984. An advanced copy has been made available to the Indian Express. The reporter appears to believe it makes a startling revelation.

In a party where no one questions the leadership in public, linking the rise of the "Frankenstein monster of Sikh militancy to Indira Gandhi is a startling concession," writes Seema Chisti. If it were indeed that, it would certainly be a strange deviation from a well established and scrupulously followed tradition of the Indian National Congress. The tradition remained in place when M. K. Gandhi, J. L. Nehru and V. B. Patel were not called upon to explain why they caused the Partition of India. It was blamed on Jinnah who sought it the least.

They escaped scrutiny again when they failed to agree to the exchange of population in 1947 and became responsible for the violent uprooting of more than ten million people and brutal deaths of a million Sikhs, Muslims and Hindus. Truth is stranger than fiction. Gandhi and Nehru, who inflicted immense violence upon the Sikhs and Dalits by consigning them to the position of second-class citizens and additionally gifted India with the permanently festering sore of Kashmir, are not called upon to answer for their sins at the bar of history but are worshipped as the "apostles of peace." Their mugs can be seen on the republic's currency.

According to a perception, Indira Gandhi was the Frankenstein of Indian politics and her ascent followed the death of Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shashtri in exceedingly suspicious circumstances in Russia.

On the occasion of the attack on the Darbar Sahib, it was rumoured that Russian support was present in India providing the background support and advice. In this portion of its official history, the Congress party is ostensibly blaming Indira Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi for the rise of Sant Jarnail Singh Bhinderanwale. It will appear strange to the surface reader that the book containing the "scathing criticism" is edited by well known family loyalists, namely, Pranab Mukerji, the present Union finance minister and Anand Sharma, who is the industries minister.

It is calculated to permanently channelise future discussions on these least harmful lines. Such mind control exercises and obfuscations have not been unknown to history. The book is not yet out. Advance copies of it have been made available to journalists who are considered most likely to toe the official line on the subject or are considered dumb enough to do so. Such previews coming just before the June anniversary of the armed forces attack on the Guru's Darbar are calculated to influence discussions that will inevitably take place.

The theory is not new either. Earlier it was hurled at the conniving Congress (I) in the nature of an accusation by others. It is now presented in the form of a critical self-analysis and is propagated as an explanation for the killing of thousands of innocent Sikh men, women and children and gurdwara functionaries then and since. It is to serve as an explanation also of the army attack on the Darbar Sahib, the destruction of the Akal Takht and the looting and burning of the Sikh Reference Library. It is being palmed off to unthinking authors and uncritical journalists.

Inder Malhotra, author of the second chapter, "Indira Gandhi: a Review", is one of the earliest journalists to have been attracted to the hypothesis. That Zail Singh and Sanjay Gandhi picked up Sant Jarnail Singh is old hat now being dusted for the new occasion. The description of the Sant as a "relatively obscure, young and fundamentalist lay preacher" picked up "with a view to building him up as a rival to the Akali leadership" is a mixed bundle of absurdities, misstatements, illogical assertions and of course, lies. Such assessments only confirm that Inder Malhotra has become a willing victim of a clever ruse made current by the Congress.

The Sant duly succeeded the predecessor at a solemn ceremony in which the entire Akali leadership of the times participated. So much for being "picked up" by the two politicians. That the Sant was built up to embarrass the Akalis to render them readily available for destruction is a canard with gaping holes. On the surface, the Akali Dal was then the most well established political party with a chequered history. It had already formed three governments in the Punjab. That the Sant was the new head of one of the most popular religious seminaries without the slightest intention of moving into politics, has not been taken into consideration. He had no political party to back him and created none during his short meteoric public career.

The Sant also was not a "˜lay preacher." He had been trained at the seminary for much of his life and was at that time thirty years old. He had received education in his field for a larger number of years than Zail Singh, Sanjay Gandhi and Indira Gandhi put together had spent in educational institutions. To call him a fundamentalist and using the term impliedly in the Semitic, mainly Christian sense is also misleading.

The term, in the context of Sikhi, has no connotation that it conveys in the original faith. There is no fundamental stance of Sikhi that clashes with human rights, scientific inquiry, liberalism, pluralistic thought or individualism. Neither is Sikhi in conflict with rational thought or human tendency to progress, innovate and to adapt upon which all advancement depends. Fundamentalism in Sikhi connotes absolute adherence to universal values. Such "fundamentalism" cannot promote conflict with any other human being, much less with a society or a nation.

The matter of "amity with all" is the fundamental doctrinal stance of Sikhi. The most pronounced phenomenon of the times was that the disenchantment of the people on account of the refusal of the Akali Dal to address Sikh issues was growing and was gnawing at the inner strength of the party. Ideologists like Sirdar Kapur Singh were spending much time and energy to give new direction to Sikh politics. Young people were disgusted with the Akalis and were organising themselves. Initial attempts at throwing up alternate leadership were becoming pronounced and numerous. It then appeared that Sant Jarnail Singh would be an important leader of the future.

In such circumstances the Akalis and the Congress colluded to destroy the new leadership that was naturally emerging amongst the Sikhs.

Some of the correspondence of the Akalis with Indira Gandhi's secretariat is compelling evidence that they invited the "thunderstorm to destroy the Sikh garden", as Iqbal would have put it. This is the reason why the Akalis were not destroyed as a result of the Congress (I) misadventure. The most prominent Akali was Parkash Singh Badal who had been elected chief minister of the Punjab for two terms before 1984 but had functioned only for about forty-six months. Since 1984, he has been elected chief minister for another two terms and is scheduled to complete the full term of 120 months. All the people available to politics in his family have been cabinet ministers and his son is currently the deputy chief-minister, and also the obvious successor.

The next most important leader was Gurcharan Singh Tohra who was the president of the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee for fourteen years after 1984 until his death separated him from his beloved post.

The third man in this respect is Surjit Singh Barnala who had been a minister for short periods before 1984. He became a chief minister for about nineteen months afterwards. He is currently ensconced in the Tamil Nadu Raj Bhawan in the fourteenth year of his gubernatorial office.

The likes of Balwinder Singh Bhunder, Sukhdev Singh Dhindsa and Kanwaljit Singh similarly progressed. Their next generations now occupy equally important positions in the Akali hierarchy and have been tipped to take over in the future.

Incidentally, the net worth of all the Akalis has increased to a phenomenal extent. The only two Akalis who could not benefit from the bonanza are Sant Harchand Singh Longowal though he was much lauded, and Balwant Singh who deserved to be ignored and was ignored. They were both assassinated some quarter of a century ago. Longowal has a memorial erected to him at government expense. It is apparent that the Akalis were not destroyed. In fact the Congress (I) built them up into colossuses (albeit with the feet of clay). If this is destruction then what is re-vitalisation, rejuvenation and the grant of eternal life?

Had Indira Gandhi just aimed at destroying the Akalis, she would have kept others at par with them during the period of 1980 to 1984 at least. If the Sant was to be built up as a rival to the Akalis, he would have been represented at the numerous parleys conducted with the Akali Dal. He was scrupulously kept out of the exercise. It is also a known fact that the Sant was not keen on politics and formulated no political agenda of his own. He kept a copy of the Anandpur Sahib Resolution under his pillow and would pull it out for reference on every conceivable occasion.

The Akalis, on the other hand, had deviated from the original purpose of representing the Sikh point of view in Indian polity with the advent of Sant Fateh Singh, known to be the protege of Mohan Lal Sukhadia, Partap Singh Kairon and Jawahar Lal Nehru. By the time the Badal-Barnala-Tohra trio took over, the Dal had drifted at least a thousand miles from the Sikh political purpose or psyche. During the time of Sanjay Gandhi and Zail Singh, their trusted comrade Harkishan Singh Surjit was already advising the Akalis through Balwant Singh, Gurcharan Singh Tohra, the unlettered Jagdev Singh Talwandi and others, including Surinderpal Singh Mann. They freely acknowledged him as their mentor. He was behind the scene president of a committee of the Akali Dal entrusted with revising the original Anandpur Sahib Resolution.

It will be remembered that this document was used both by Indira Gandhi and her son as hub of the secessionist propaganda against the Akalis. The situation of the Akalis may be contrasted with the fate of Sant Jarnail Singh who was ostensibly chosen as an ally by the Congress (I). He was martyred in the same complex from which several prominent Akalis were pulled out with tender care. About half a dozen members of his family, most of his trusted lieutenants and companions also became martyrs. Of those who survived, none is prominent in political field. None, not even Bhai Jasbir Singh, has made the kind of economic progress that sevadars in the Akali Dal have made.

Association with the Sant has proved sufficient in the last quarter of a century to condemn a person to derision or at least immediate dislike and oblivion. It is obvious that reasons for the long planned attack on the Darbar complex have to be sought elsewhere. It is to block that realization from the mind's eye that the mayajal of the Zail Singh-Sanjay tale has been woven. It is the equivalent of a dense fog that prevents the sight from falling upon the ground (realities).

By now it is well known that Indira Gandhi, like her father before her, was no stickler for faiths and had journeyed through more than one faith while remaining an agnostic at heart. But suddenly, early in her last stint as the prime minister, she started supporting signs of being a good Hindu. Saffron saris, rudaraksh bead garlands, visits to shrines of Hindu deities, warming up to Hindu saints and so on were some of the more pronounced lakshanas of her new incarnation. She had been turned away from a holy place or two for the obvious reasons but she persisted. This was her way of harvesting the fast spreading communal sentiment amongst the permanent cultural majority of the country.

She had realised that in order to perpetuate the dynasty in the emerging scenario, it was imperative for her to incarnate into a Hindu deity. She hoped to emerge as the Mehshasurmardini of Indian imagination. Integral to this was the need to designate some entity as the Mehshasur. The hunting of heads in the northeast region had been going on since the middle of the century and had become a routine matter. The Neillie massacre did not yield results beyond slightly pushing her up the communal ladder. The killing of Muslims was inconvenient because of the existence of about fifty Muslim states who were keen observers. Besides, the average Hindu has lived in the mortal dread of Muslims for centuries and it is not possible for him to imagine that India is capable of delivering a final solution to the "Muslim problem." The fact that the Muslims formed about a fifth of the Indian population and were fast growing, had also to be taken into consideration.

The day is not far when it will again be difficult to ignore numbers. To convince the masses about a conclusive victory over a potentially powerful foe who has been the master for centuries, was a hard to sell proposition.

That is where the next most favourite whipping boy, the Sikh, entered the scene. The Sikhs were a simple God-fearing people who had been slated for slow elimination anyway. They considered themselves patriots and had made more contribution to the welfare and security of the country and more sacrifices for common causes that they were not likely to become aware of the changed circumstances for a long time to come. They plotted against none and were unaware that anyone else would conspire to eliminate them outright. They had the additional advantage of being wide open to manipulation because their leaders had joined the Congress bandwagon since Fateh Singh became president of the Akali Dal.

The Sikhs also had no media support. Such people were deemed more suitable for role of Mehshasur. The exercise to cast them in such a role had started in the constituent assembly itself where Patel had accused them of aspiring for separation from the country because they wanted separate electorate in accordance with the Objective Resolution of the Assembly. M. K. Gandhi had contributed to that image by projecting them as violent and unruly in the 'prayer meetings' he used to hold during his last days.

They had more or less reconciled to their lot because they had been mourning their dead and their leadership, never too wise, had been successfully outmanoeuvred and was lying in a shambles. The prejudices of the pcm against them had never abated and were unlikely to ever cease. It had never forgotten the revolt of the Sikhs against the manavdharmashastra and had ever been keen to see them destroyed. These were the lessons learnt from the five hundred years of pcm - Sikh relations from the earliest times.

The argument advanced by the Congress (I), either from behind the veil or officially as it now transpires, is specious. It is advanced just to hide much that is relevant to the plight of the Sikhs. The strongest evidence against that line of thought are about half a dozen letters that the Akali leaders wrote Indira Gandhi's office that show that Bhinderanwale was the common enemy and both entities were colluding in eliminating him. A telephonic conversation heard by Sant Singh Tegh is to the same effect. Sant Harchand Singh and Gurcharan Singh Tohra were heard conveying to Indira Gandhi in May 1984 that the Sant had grown too strong for them and must be got rid of. The present explanation is calculated to lead the country astray on the real causes prompting the government of Indira Gandhi.

The famous saying, "nothing may be considered unequivocally denied until it is officially confirmed", applies to the present proposition. Had she intended to destroy the Akali Dal, then it stood completely shattered when most of the Akali members of the legislative assembly, including the most trusted man of Parkash Singh Badal, namely, Gurdev Singh Badal, had publicly defected and gone over to Sant Bhinderanwale in the full view of the media.

The Akali Dal almost did not exist that afternoon (27 April, 1984) . Instead of taking advantage of the situation to finish it, Indira Gandhi moved swiftly to curb the ever growing influence of Sant Jarnail Singh. It would also be too simplistic to believe that she merely wanted to assassinate the Sant after having erected him into a demon of desirable proportions by government action and orchestrated media support. Had the Sant alone been on her mind, there was nothing easier than killing him. There were para-military outposts on roof-tops all around the Darbar Sahib complex and it was the easiest thing in the world to kill him because he moved about freely and openly in the Darbar premises.

On April 29, 1984, the present author spent several hours with the Sant on the roof of the Langar building. They sat on the floor in the shade of the central cupola. He saw a police post on his right atop the then existing Sindhi hotel. It was less than sixty yards distant. From where he sat, he could see the eyes of the armed policeman manning the post. The other post on another Akhara (Sangal wala) was in front of him. It was even nearer. While sitting there a thought crossed his mind that they were sitting ducks for the police personnel. The guns of the Central Reserve Police Force were always trained in the direction of the Darbar Sahib. All that was required was to take aim and to pull the trigger. In a moment the Sant would be no more.

With the well oiled propaganda machine that was ever willing, the Sant's assassination could have found a hundred ingenious explanations. Indira Gandhi had a much more sinister design. There are several circumstances to suggest that she was not gunning for the Sant alone. Taking advantage of the predicament in which she had thrust him, she aimed at destroying the entire Sikh nation and at wiping out the Sikh legacy altogether. She deliberately ignored all chances of reconciliation with the Akalis.

Comrade Surjit who was in the know of things has confirmed that at least on three occasions, agreements had been reached through her accredited representatives but she reneged on them every time. Evidently she was blowing the balloon out of proportions so that she could prick it for spectacular effect. Almost up to the last minute she kept on solemnly affirming that her army had no plans to enter the shrine. The Darbar was invaded on Guru Arjan's martyrdom day anniversary (June 3) when the crowds of pilgrims were expected to be the thickest. The curfew imposed around the shrine was lifted for a few hours to let crowds in before it was finally clamped again.

Indira Gandhi hoped to inflict maximum damage so as to demoralise the people. Forty other shrines all over the Punjab were also invaded where there was no Bhinderanwale. Her canvas was much larger, her designs more sinister. No warning was given to the Sikhs inside the shrine that the army attack was imminent. This much has been admitted by the President of India, Giani Zail Singh, who was also the commander-in-chief, in his memoirs. The authorities clearly did not want anyone to escape from the carefully contrived death trap into which they had led the people.

The intention of the government became clear from the house journal of the Indian army, Baatcheet, that advised targeting amritdhari Sikhs. All through the period of the agitation, she drummed up the most virulent propaganda against the Sikhs in the compliant media. The media willingly prostituted itself to her policy. The aim was to maximise the perception of danger to the country so that she could come down heavily on a handful of sitting ducks. It was not merely against the Akalis or Bhinderanwale, as has often been made out.

The President of the Akali Dal, once on the matter being brought to his notice in early 1983, constituted a committee under Surjit Singh Barnala with instructions to go to all the provincial capitals to explain the Sikh point of view. Sant Jarnail Singh had taken his own precautions. Indira Gandhi kept in touch with all the prominent people in the struggle through a set of different emissaries and kept on misinforming them of her intentions. She shuffled their concerns as one sitting at a game of chess, arranging matters as she exactly wanted them. She used her contacts to keep the cauldron with bat's wings, owl's blood and chicken's neck on the boil, until the appointed day.

In any other democracy this kind of manoeuvring would be considered a base stratagem, and crass opportunism at the cost of the nation. Here it was deemed as the hallmark of statesmanship. These inputs must contribute to any realistic assessment of the situation then prevailing. More credible and truly objective construction of events to assess the exact nature of Sant Jarnail Singh Bhinderanwale's relationship with the Congress (I), is possible only after taking these and other attending circumstances into account. It is not a matter of mere assertion by one interested party or the other.

The Nirankari sect in Punjab is bolstered up by the Congress government in recognition of and in deference to the deep set prejudices of India's permanent cultural majority. The Nirankaris were considered an efficient instrument towards achieving the ultimate aim. The obvious motive of the pcm is now well documented. It is to destroy the Khalsa ethos from amongst the Sikh people as a precursor to wiping out the legacy of the Gurus from India.

In 1984 and subsequently, the operation conducted against the Sikhs is much on the lines of the efforts made by Shankracharya to eliminate Buddhism from India. The census figures of four successive decades tell the story of what Indira Gandhi and her father had achieved. The growth rate of the Sikhs from 1961 to 1971 was 32%, from 1971 to 1981 was 26.2%, from 1981 to 1991 was 25.5% and from 1991 to 2001 it suddenly dropped to 16.9%.

During the 19 month suspension of civil liberties in India, Indira Gandhi was incensed by the formal daily political protest registered by the Shiromani Akali Dal in the form of courting arrests in large numbers for restoring civil liberties. But she was dismayed by the open religious protests marches lead by Sant Kartar Singh Bhinderanwale specifically against the heretical Nirankari sect patronised by the government subservient to the wishes of the pcm. The Sant had organised thirty-six mammoth protest marches all over the Punjab and one in Delhi. The Nirankari sect was being used as an effective check against the rapid spread of the Sikh faith as is obvious from the census figures.

According to a perception, Sant Kartar Singh was eliminated by the Nirankaris in a contrived road accident. His young successor, Sant  Jarnail Singh Bhinderanwale now had two weighty reasons to oppose the Nirankaris. They were perceived to be enemies of his faith as well as the murderers of a holy man held in high esteem by the Sikh people.

Both the Congress (I) governments in the province as well as the centre continued to give support to the Nirankari sect in recognition of its ultimate design. So universally was the project approved by the pcm that the interim governments of Desai and Charan Singh had also continued to support them even more vigorously. After her return to power in 1980 Indira Gandhi felt there was no alternative to the elimination of Sant Jarnail Singh if protest against the Nirankaris was to be silenced. In addition she wanted to do it in a manner such as would go a long way in achieving the primary object of also destroying Sikhi root and branch. This would necessarily weaken the hold of the Akalis on the Punjab since they relied upon the Sikh votes at that juncture.

Besides being most plausible in the circumstances, this construction fits in neatly with the history of the pcm-Sikh relations over the centuries. It also most satisfactorily explains subsequent events. The Frankenstein of Indian politics paid the price of her misadventure in accordance with: "God said take what you like from the world and pay for it." Anyone willingly blindfolded (like Gandhari) and struck stone-deaf by prejudice (like Dhritrashtra) was rendered incapable of realistic evaluation of the risks involved in such a macabre undertaking.

All history and mythology tells us that hatred, contempt and insatiable thirst for human blood often materialises enemies from the most inhospitable environment. Bhagat Prahlad went ahead to embrace the red hot iron pillar when he saw an ant sauntering about it leisurely. Narsimhan appeared from within the pillar and tore down the arrogant anti-God tyrant with its claws.

This must be recognised in all humility instead of making false explanations current to hide the truth. It must be understood that the sinful and sacrilegious acts hardly become heads of secular, democratic polity. These must be abandoned publicly before they do more harm to the country. Unless a solemn statement to that effect is made, the Sikhs will remain locked in the time bind, unable to move forward. Employment of atrocities upon the Sikh constituents of the polity with the support of 'bought slaves,' constitutes the worst mode of governance in modern times.

Efforts at trivialising the martyrdom of Sant Jarnail Singh is an invitation to a storm in the psyche of honest observers of events and must be forthwith abandoned in the interest of probity, humanity and country's welfare.

 

On May 29, 2011, at about 11A.M. a small representative convention of Sikhs from all walks of life was held at the Aroma Hotel in Chandigarh. About fifty persons who attended adopted a resolution to make the people aware of true facts. In what appears to be an immediate reaction, to the proceedings at Chandigarh, the Congress spokesperson clarified that though the volume of contemporary history "has been commissioned by All India Congress Committee ...  the views in the volume are not official line of the party." (See Hindustan Times, May 30, 2011[1]). The detailed denial appeared on May 31, 2011 in the Indian Express.

 

June 6, 2011

 

 

Conversation about this article

1: Harinder (Jalandhar, Punjab ), June 06, 2011, 11:54 AM.

Sikhs were cleared to make way for the break-up of India.

2: Brijinder Singh (New York, U.S.A.), June 06, 2011, 2:36 PM.

Either people don't care, or they don't know what is happening in Punjab. If it remains a part of India, it will become a desert within a few generations. All the cancer, alcoholism and drug abuse is tied back to the water issue and the abusive economic policies imposed on the Punjabi farmers. Punjab pays the highest interest comparted to all other states, but it gets the least government spending. Economically, Punjab would benefit greatly from being independent. However, I don't think there is any plausible way to attain independence. Maybe if India and China go to war someday, an independent Punjab could be brokered out of a peace treaty. It's a long shot, but who knows? Meanwhile, the diaspora is growing stronger. If that day ever comes, I hope we will have enough political influence to attain our "Israel". Thank you Gurteg Singh ji, for writing this article, and many thanks to Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindrawale for opening our eyes.

3: N. Singh (Canada), June 06, 2011, 5:38 PM.

Gurteg Singh ji: Thank you so much for writing this article. It is excellent! I have been struggling for a while to find this answer. Although I knew in my mind and heart, it was however very difficult for me to refute this statement that constantly gets thrown around in the face of Sikhs. I am tired of hearing the 'same old, same old' lines about the Sant bandied about by those who would seek to disparage him ... including misguided and ignorant Sikhs. He gave us his life and it is only right that we honour him, defend his name and try and learn more about him.

4: I.J. Singh (New York, U.S.A.), June 07, 2011, 12:25 PM.

One doesn't have to be a die-hard fan of Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale to see that India is engaged in an ugly attempt at destroying his legacy - truly an attempt at re-assassination. There could be no better compliment to the man and his goals.

5: Manjeet Shergill (Singapore), June 07, 2011, 5:27 PM.

May God bless Punjab, its beautiful people and its history of glory and grace.

6: Harman Singh (California, U.S.A.), June 10, 2011, 10:42 AM.

Great article! Should be required reading in every Sikh household. We Sikhs have to write our own history, and make sure future generations are educated about it, so that they can stay clear of the propaganda, and are able to refute it as necessary.

7: M.J.S. Sodhi (Canada ), June 13, 2011, 12:53 PM.

I salute Gurteg Singh ji for this wonderful article that serves as an eye-opener for hundreds and thousands of misguided souls who have been spoon-fed propaganda from the India Govt. for years. As someone suggested earlier, this article should be made available to each and every Sikh household so that we can see the nefarious and true colors of the so-called biggest democracy in the world! I am actually going to do my part and print out this article and make copies for distribution amongst my circle of influence as well as the local gurdwaras here in Toronto.

8: Jaspreet Singh Gujral (Delhi, India), June 24, 2011, 8:19 AM.

Chardi kalaa, always.

9: Amarpreet Singh  (Amritsar, Punjab), July 05, 2012, 11:38 PM.

There's so much knowledge that we must save and impart to the coming generations. And I'm afraid articles such as these don't go as far as they should to do that. All this should be put forward in better and more convenient ways, such as documentaries so as to bring out a clearer understanding among the masses.

10: Bryan Dass (Trinidad), July 23, 2015, 10:20 PM.

You are blessed for taking the time and effort to write such an in-depth article that has so much detail and yet so much heart! It is simple to understand and yet deep. Please keep this up - you have truly educated me tonight and it was an honour to read this article.

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